Humans have not been kind to history and a lot many of them right from the time of Chengiz Khan, Timur, Mohamad Ghazni, Mohammad Ghori, the Mughals, some Muslim rulers of
and even the British have vandalized cities, destroyed monuments and torched some of the finest buildings. India
India, the Muslim kingdoms of the Deccan vandalized Vijayanagar (Hampi) in 1565 AD and burnt down the magnificent city. Today all that remains of the city are mere ruins.
Hampi has become the biggest open air museum in the world, a mute testimony to the brute strength of the invading Muslim forces which were bent upon wiping the city of
or victory off the face of the earth. Vijayanagar
The plunder of Vijayanagar went on for several months and the Adil Shahis, Nizam Shahis and other Muslim kings went away after feasting on the riches of Vijayanagar. The city was never to rise again though the Kingdom survived for another century.
Centuries earlier, Malik Kafur, the general of Al-ud-din Khilji had similarly wiped out Hoysala cities in southIn 1294, he waged war against the Yadavas of Devagir and sacked the city. He then turned his attention to
India, including Dwarasamudra, and also erased the city of , which was then under the Kakathias. Warangal
In 1311 AD, he sacked
The Mughal emperors, from Babur to Aurangzeb, systematically destroyed Hindu temples and buildings. Aurangzeb was such a zealot that he could not tolerate the secular credentials of the Adil Shahis of Bijapur. A devout Sunni, he personally led an attack on Bijapur in 1686 and defeated them. The Adil Shahis were generally Shias in nature and they appointed Hindus to high posts. Shivaji’s father Shahji was a high-ranking officer under Ali Adil Shah.
Aurangzeb erased the paintings in many palaces of the Adil Shahis as he regarded them as unislamic. After Aurangzeb, the Marathas too had a hand in plundering Bijapur.
An year later, Aurangzeb sacked
and took away a vast booty. Golconda
Shivaji personally led a campaign against the Raje of Mudhol and he not only killed the Mudhol Raja but also set fire to the City. A graphic account of Shivaji and his animosity towards Mudhol is available. The Chola and Pallava emperors too were known to burn cities down and a Pallava king burnt down Badami, the capital of Chalukyas.
Vishnuvardhana, the Hoysala King, is known to have spilled so much blood at Talakad that the Cauvery turned red. The city was fully destroyed.
Another city that became victim of invaders is
in Madhya Pradesh. One of the most ancient cities of Ujjain , it was systematically destroyed by the Delhi Sultan Iltumash in 1235 AD. India
Both Muhammad Ghori and Muhammad Ghazni plumndered cities and destroyed temples. Ghazni invade Indian no les than 17 times and each time he plundered a city. He destroyed Nagarkot, Thanesar,
and Kannauj. Gwalior
He also completely destroyed the holy
at Somnath. At the tome of its destruction, the Shiva Linga was suspended a few inches above ground. Ghazni believed that the temple had a lot of hidden wealth and he completely destroyed the structure. temple of Shiva
Of all the Mughals emperors, the credit for destroying temples, razing Hindu structures and levying Jizaya goes to Aurangzeb. He was a zealot and he wanted his subjects to embrace Islam.
The British too went about systematically erasing Indian history. They looted he state of
Mysore after the death of Tipu and handed an almost bankrupt kingdom to the Wodeyars. Similarly, they ravaged the Sikh kingdom after the death of Ranjit Singh and carted away huge treasures to Mysore , including his throne. England
The Koinoor diamond, which was in the possession of Dilip Singh, the youngest son of Ranjit Singh. He was deposed in 1849 and he spent his last days in
London where the Koihnoor was cleverly taken away from him and given to Queen Victoria of . England
Every tine the British waged war in
, they made money. They fought wars on behalf of Indian princes and kings for money. They gave protection to princely states by stationing British troops in the capital. The money for maintaining the troops were to be given by the king. India
The subsidiary alliance, introduced by the then Governor-General of India, Marquis Wellesley, was only a clever ploy by the British to annex a kingdom without shedding blood or going to war. The Nizam of Hyderabad was the first to accept it. Over two centuries, the British systematically took away the wealth of
(Tipu refused to accept it), India
They also carried away the rich heritage of
India and it only after Lord Curzon became the Viceroy of India that the first effort to preserve the rich heritage and history of commenced. India
Bangalore, an Adil Shah General, completely razed to the ground the beautiful town of , during his campaign against the Gowdas of Bangalore, Malgudi, Doddaballapur and Anekal. Of course the superior might of the Adil Shah military prevailed and even Doddaballapur was forced to accept the supremacy of the Bijapur Emperors. Bangalore